Water Risk Reports


  • Setting Enterprise Water Targets: A Guide for Companies. UN CEO Water Mandate, WRI, Pacific Institute, CDP, TNC & WWF, 2021
    The purpose of this working paper is to help companies do their part to address shared water challenges—and to focus their efforts in the right high-priority places. By setting enterprise water targets, companies can make changes in the ways and in the places that matter most across their value chains, ranging from how they source inputs to how they operate or provide goods. #WaterTargets #Value chain #WaterRisk #Priority

  • Water Risk in the ICT sector: The Case for Action. AWS, WWF, & RBA, 2021
    In this report, the Alliance for Water Stewardship (AWS), the Responsible Business Alliance (RBA) and WWF have combined their expertise on water stewardship and the ICT sector to raise awareness of water impacts and demonstrate the opportunities that can be created through positive action. #WaterRisk #ICT #Respond #Supply chains

  • WWF water risk filter: Assess, respond & value water risks. IWMA, 2021
    This book chapter provides a comprehensive overview of the three key sections of the WWF Water Risk Filter – (1) Assess section, (2) Respond section and (3) Value section – along with practical examples of how companies have used it. As the tool is continually evolving, some important future developments and plans are highlighted throughout this chapter. #WaterRisk #Assess #Respond #Value

  • Putting Water Strategy into Context. WWF & H&M 2021
    This practical guide outlines four practical steps (assess, prioritise, define and set) aimed to help corporations systematically understand the strategic nature of water within their value chains and in turn, establish more meaningful actions, goals and targets. This contextual water strategy process not only ensures more efficient allocation of scarce internal resources, but more importantly, it maximizes the ability of corporations to create value for the corporation, nature and people. #WaterRisk #WaterStrategy #WaterTargets #ContextualTargets #WaterStewardship

  • Contextual Water Targets. WWF & H&M 2021
    Building upon the Putting Water Strategy into Context report, this practical guide puts forward a target setting framework that enables a corporation to draw on local water context to set contextual water targets at both a corporate– and site–level. This guide also provides a primer on other commonly used water–related targets types (i.e., non–contextual, contextual & science–based) and explains how these all fit together and can complement each other. #WaterRisk #WaterStrategy #WaterTargets #ContextualTargets#WaterRisk #WaterStrategy #WaterTargets #ContextualTargets

  • Tackling Growing Water Risks in the Food Sector. WWF & Edeka 2021
    To tackle the rising water risk, this report provides guidance to retail food retail companies to implement water stewardship responses and strategies for long-term resilient agricultural supply chains. It highlights sourcing regions for five popular fruit and vegetables products in the German market – potatoes, bananas, citrus fruits, grapes and avocados – under increasing physical water risks from scarcity to floods and water quality. #WaterRisk #ClimateRisk #ScenarioAnalysis #Resilience #Agriculture.

  • Sustainable Banking Assessment. WWF 2020
    A 2020 update of a WWF report that highlights how ASEAN Banks continue to need to do more to build resilient and sustainable economies. In particular, the report highlights that banks are exposed to a growing number of water risks but ASEAN banks are not yet taking the necessary action to effectively mitigate and respond to these risks. #ClimateRisk #WaterRisk #ASEAN #Banking #Resilience #ClimateChange.

  • Rising to Resilience: How Water Stewardship can help business build climate resilience. WWF & The Coca-Cola Company 2020
    A showcase of tools that can help businesses prepare for and respond to climate change’s effects on water resources — the primary medium through which climate change impacts are felt. This guide, produced jointly with The Coca-Cola Company, includes a case study detailing the company’s water resilience pilot in Central America. #WaterTools #Resilience #ClimateChange #WaterRisk #ScenarioAnalysis.

  • Rising to Resilience: A Practical Guide for Business & Nature. WWF 2020
    This practical guide illustrates steps businesses can take to help maintain profitability and social license to operate in a climate-insecure future. The guide breaks down the complex idea of planning for instability and managing change — beyond the capabilities of traditional risk management — and can help as companies work to ensure that investments of both time and resources are worthwhile in the long term. #Resilience #ClimateChange #NatureBasedSolutions #ScenarioAnalysis.

  • Water Risk Filter Brief: Water Risk Scenarios. TCFD-Aligned scenarios to help companies and investors turn risk into resilience. WWF 2020
    Given the high uncertainty in the face of climate change, TCFD recommends the use of scenario analysis. This brief provides an overview of the new WWF Water Risk Filter scenarios and guidance on how scenario analysis can help companies and investors to understand future water risks and build resilience in an uncertain future. #WaterTools #WaterRisk #Resilience #ScenarioAnalysis #TCFD #Disclosure.

  • Right Tool for the Job: Tools and Approaches for Companies and Investors to Assess Water Risks and Shared Water Challenges. WWF & WBCSD 2020
    Over the past decade, various tools have emerged to help companies and financial institutions understand and respond to water challenges and risks. While the proliferation of these tools has helped in many ways, it has also created confusion amongst users around both the concept of water risk assessment and the differences/similarities between the tools themselves. This report seeks to shed light on the matter and provide clear guidance to users. #WaterTools #WaterRisk, #WaterChallenges.

  • Water Risk Filter Research Series: An analysis of Water Risk in the Mining Sector. WWF Germany & WWF Sweden 2020
    This first such analysis sought to evaluate the basin water risk of all 3,714 active, operating and expansion mine sites from around the world using the WWF Water Risk Filter and the S&P Global Market Intelligence SNL mining database. Results were summarized by country, basin, commoditity and company. #WaterRiskFilter #WaterRisk, #Mining.

  • Setting Site Water Targets Informed by Catchment Context: A Guide for Companies. CEO Water Mandate, Pacific Institute, CDP, TNC, WRI, WWF, UNEP-DHI Centre 2019
    This guide aims to help companies set effective site water targets that are informed by catchment context, which can create value and lessen risks for the company and support collective action. This guide is intended for site staff or technical water specialists responsible for water management, and relevant corporate staff. #WaterTargets #WaterRisk

  • Freshwater Risks and Opportunities: An overview and call to action for the financial sector. WWF Germany 2019
    This short briefing outlines how water is both a financially material risk and an opportunity for investors. #WaterRisk, #WaterOpportunities, #ValuingWater, #Finance.

  • Linking Water Risk And Financial Value Part I: Considerations for the finance sector. WWF Germany 2019
    This report provides a primer to those in the finance sector getting started on the links between water risk and financial impacts. It provides a clear framework to link basin and operational water risk exposure to business and financial impacts and, in turn, financial industry implications. #WaterRisk, #Finance.

  • Linking Water Risk And Financial Value Part II: Review of water risk valuation tools. WWF Germany 2019
    This report provides a review of several tools in the water valuation space and identifies some of the current gaps. #ValuingWater, #Tools #Finance.

  • Linking Water Risk And Financial Value Part III: New valuation tool and database. WWF Germany 2019
    Responding to the issues raised in Report I and Report II, this report focuses on two new valuation-related resources embedded in the WWF Water Risk Filter: Valuing Water Database and Water And ValuE (WAVE)Tool. #ValuingWater, #WaterRiskFilter #Finance #WAVE.

  • Drought Risk: The Global Thirst for Water in the Era of Climate Crisis. WWF Germany 2019
    Based on existing studies and the WWF Water Risk Filter, this study assesses the drought risk for cities, areas where maize, rice and wheat are grown, wetlands, power plant sites and regions with a potential for water-related interactions. #WaterRisk, #Drought #WaterRiskFilter #Agriculture #Cities #Energy #Wetlands.

  • Sustainable Banking in ASEAN: WWF Sustainable Finance Report 2019
    WWF report highlights that ASEAN Banks need to urgently lend their weight to build resilient and sustainable economies. In particular, the report highlights that banks are exposed to a growing number of water risks but ASEAN banks are not yet taking the necessary action to effectively mitigate and respond to these risks. #ClimateRisk, #WaterRisk #ASEAN #Banking.

  • Climate Change And Water: Why Valuing Rivers Is Critical To Adaptation. WWF & ABInBev 2019
    WWF and Anheuser-Busch InBev (AB InBev) have published a report highlighting the central role of healthy rivers in adapting to climate change and building more resilient societies, economies and ecosystems. #ClimateIsWater, #Adaptation.

  • Hidden Risks and Untapped Opportunities: Water and the Indian Banking sector. WWF India 2019
    Set in context of the Indian banking system, this report provides evidence for why water presents a material risk for businesses and hence, for banks in India. It highlights several instances of water risks materializing into tangible financial impacts for businesses in India while establishing water related factors as key contributors to possible ‘asset stranding’ in Power and Agriculture sectors. #WaterRisk, #ESG #Banking # India #Energy #Agriculture.

  • Tchibo Water Report: Water Risk Analysis & Stewardship Strategy. WWF Germany 2018
    Identifying the water risks linked to production and processing is the first crucial step to mitigate risks and increase transparency. This report takes a closer look a Tchibo´s entire supply chain and the corresponding water risks. #WaterRisk, #WaterStewardship, #SupplyChain .

  • Cleaner production guide for the textile sector: efficiency in use of resources, a decrease in costs, harmony with the environment. WWF 2018
    The Apparel & Textiles sector poses and faces significant water risks. WWF, together with its partner H&M, have been helping to pioneer new approaches to cleaner production and water stewardship, highlighted in this publication. #WaterRisk, #WaterStewardship, #Apparel, #SupplyChain, #Turkey .

  • Seizing the water opportunity. WWF/ING/Boston Consulting Group 2018
    This report details how private and public capital can join forces to boost global efforts to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal of water for all, securing a critical lifeline for societies, economies and the bottom lines of firms and financiers. #WaterOpportunity, #Finance, #SDG.

  • Water stewardship revisited: shifting the narrative from risk to value creation. WWF 2018
    Since the publication of the initial WWF water stewardship brief in 2013, we have learned a lot about what is working and what is not in water stewardship. This retrospective, intended for established water stewards, outlines lessons learned, and what is next for water stewardship.#Water Risk, #WaterStewardship.

  • Water Emergency on the Retail Shelf: how German food retailers can reduce their water risks. WWF 2018
    This report outlines the water risk challenges facing retailers (in particular German companies) and offers guidance on how to tackle these challenges through water stewardship. #WaterRisk, #WaterStewardship, #Retail, #SupplyChains.

  • Valuing Rivers: How the diverse benefits of healthy rivers underpin economies. WWF 2018.
    This report outlines the case for how riverine ecosystems are central to global economies. Using case examples from around the world, the report highlights the importance of measuring, valuing, understanding tradeoffs, and the key role of governance in optimizing the multiple values that river systems can bring. #WaterRisk #ValuingWater

  • Water is everybody’s business: a guide to understanding water risks and how to mitigate them using a water stewardship approach. WWF 2018
    A brief overview of water risk and WWF’s water stewardship steps, along with some key resources. #WaterRisk, #WaterStewardship.

  • Growing water risk resilience: an investor guide on agricultural supply chains. WWF 2018
    Evaluating water risk in agricultural supply chains is a key challenge for the finance community. This guide, developed by UN PRI and WWF, helps investors engage companies more effectively on water risk exposure. #WaterRisk, #WaterStewardship, #Finance, #SupplyChains, #Agriculture.

  • Excerpt The Imported Risk: Switzerland’s water risk in times of globalisation. Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) & WWF 2017
    This report is based on an analysis of Swiss-Impex import statistics and calculations applying the Water Risk Filter. In this report, four sectors are presented for illustration: agriculture, textiles and apparel, pulp and paper, and financial services. #WaterRisk #WaterStewardship

  • Practitioner's Guide to Developing River Basin Report Cards. UMCES & WWF 2017
    This Guide provides an overview of river basin report cards and their utility, their mechanics, processes, and results to drive change. It was intend to be a reference and resource for those either on the path of developing a report card or exploring the possibility of pursuing one. #WaterRisk, #WaterStewardship

  • Collective action for better governance. WWF 2017
    Implementing collective action in water stewardship remains a challenging area, especially when working with SMEs. This case study outlines some of WWF’s experiences working with SMEs in key emerging, water-stressed markets (China, Pakistan and India). #WaterRisk, #WaterStewardship, #SMEs, #Pakistan #China, #India.

  • Natural and nature-based flood management: a green guide. WWF 2017
    Ecosystems are green infrastructure and can be key in helping to mitigate against water risks, including floods. This guide outlines how natural and nature-based approaches can be harnessed to help manage flood risks. #WaterRisk, #WaterStewardship, #GreenInfrastructure, #Flooding.

  • Making Water Our Business: H&M and WWF pioneering water stewardship 2013-2015. WWF/H&M 2017
    An overview of the accomplishments, lessons, and efforts undertaken between WWF and H&M around water stewardship. #WaterRisk, #WaterStewardship, #Retail, #Apparel, #SupplyChain.

  • Water risk in agricultural supply chains: how well are sustainability standards covering water stewardship. WWF/EDEKA 2017
    An update of the 2015 publication, this report reviews how well various agricultural commodity standards are covering various aspects of water risk and stewardship. #WaterRisk, #WaterStewardship, #Retail, #Agriculture, #SupplyChain.

  • Exploring the case for corporate context-based water targets. WWF/CDP/CEO Water Mandate/Nature Conservancy/World Resources Institute 2017
    While water stewardship and risk response is de facto a function of context, this report unpacks the notion of how companies can begin to set more meaningful context-based water targets. #H2OContext, #WaterRisk, #WaterStewardship.

  • Water Balance Targets: Exploring the role of volumetric goals in water stewardship. WWF/LimnoTech 2016
    To increase understanding around the evolving landscape of water balance goals and associated projects, this report discusses where the concept of water balance came from, the motivations for balance initiatives, types of balance projects and benefits, important considerations, and emerging water stewardship trends in target setting. #WaterTargets, #WaterStewardship, #WaterBalance.

  • AgWater Challenge: update. WWF/Ceres 2016
    The AgWater Challenge is a program intended to drive water stewardship commitments by companies with agricultural supply chains. This publication provides updates on lessons, the framework that can be harnessed to ensure strong commitments, and examples. #WaterRisk, #WaterStewardship, #SupplyChains, #Agriculture.

  • A transformative partnership to conserve water: annual report 2015. WWF/The Coca Cola Company 2016
    WWF has worked with Coca-Cola for many years in an effort to advance water stewardship – from facilities and supply chains to basins. This report reviews efforts, successes and challenges. #WaterRisk, #WaterStewardship, #Agriculture, #FoodBeverage, #SupplyChain.

  • WWF’s implementation guide to the Alliance for Water Stewardship’s International Water Stewardship Standard. WWF 2016
    A relatively short brief that outlines WWF’s experiences in working with the Alliance for Water Stewardship standard. #WaterRisk, #WaterStewardship, #AllianceForWaterStewardship.

  • The Water Stewardship Journey for Business. WWF/M&S 2016
    WWF has worked with M&S for some time on water stewardship. This guide attempts to synthesize advice from a leading retail-NGO partnership and what we have learned on the application of water stewardship in practice. #WaterRisk, #WaterStewardship, #Retail, #Agriculture, #SupplyChain.

  • Mekong River In the Economy. WWF/HSBC 2016
    The Mekong River is the basis for much fo the economy of the lower Mekong. This report outlines the linkages and narratives that outline how a thriving river is the basis for a thriving economy. #WaterRisk, #WaterStewardship, #WaterInTheEconomy, #ValuingWater, #Vietnam, #Cambodia, #LaosPDR, #Thailand.

  • Water in the Zambian Economy: exploring shared risks and opportunities in the Kafue Flats. WWF/Pegasys 2016
    Water risks are not exclusive to the private sector, but have the ability to affect the entire economy. This report dives into the concept of water in the economy, and explores how the value of water is tied to the Zambian economy. #WaterRisk, #WaterStewardship, #WaterInTheEconomy, #ValueOfWater, #ValuingRivers.

  • UK Study on Imported Water Risk: An Anthesis Consulting Group PLC report for WWF. WWF/Anthesis 2015
    This study aims to establish the degree of water risk faced by UK businesses in connection with the UK’s imports – including raw materials, semi-finished and finished products. #WaterRisk, #ImportedRisk.

  • Sedex Water Risk Briefing. Sedex/WWF 2015
    Sedex and WWF have produced this briefing to help companies understand, address and innovate around water risks and opportunities in their supply chain. #WaterRisk, #WaterStewardship, #SupplyChain.

  • The Value of Water: a framework for understanding water valuation, risk and stewardship. WWF/IFC 2015
    The value of water is innately linked to water risk and stewardship. This report builds a framework that ties these concepts together, helping to outline the business case for water stewardsdhip. The thinking from this report informs the basis for the “Value” section of the Water Risk Filter. #WaterRisk, #WaterStewardship, #ValuingWater.

  • Serving the public interest: corporate water stewardship and sustainable development. WWF/CEO Water Mandate/WaterAid 2015
    This short publication outlines how water stewardship can be a key delivery mechanism for the Sustainable Development Goals (notably SDG6). #WaterStewardship, #SustainableDevelopment, #SDG6.

  • Strengthening water stewardship in agricultural sustainability standards: framing collaborative solutions to mitigate water risks. WWF 2015
    Access to water sanitation and hygiene (WASH) is an integral part of water stewardship. Built on experiences in sub-Saharan Africa, these guidelines are useful for those seeking to integrate the concepts. #WaterRisk, #WaterStewardship, #Agriculture, #SupplyChains, #Standards.

  • From risk to resilience: does your business know its water risk? WWF/Water for Life/EU 2015
    A UK-focused report that explores how business can respond to water risk issues through water stewardship. It also outlines a few key “golden rules” for UK businesses on water stewardship. #WaterRisk, #WaterStewardship, #UK.

  • Water governance in Bangladesh: challenges and opportunities around policy, institutional function and implementation for a sustainable water future. WWF/H&M/CROS 2015
    While the focus of this report is on water governance and policy challenges facing Bangladesh, it was developed with a view to how companies and NGOs can engage as stewards in policy support. #WaterRisk, #WaterStewardship, #Apparel, #SupplyChains, #BangladeshA.

  • Freshwater conservation and Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene: integrated guidelines. Africa Biodiversity Collaborative Group 2015
    Access to water sanitation and hygiene (WASH) is an integral part of water stewardship. Built on experiences in sub-Saharan Africa, these guidelines are useful for those seeking to integrate the concepts. #WaterRisk, #WaterStewardship, #WASH.

  • Water Stewardship in Agriculture. WWF/IUCN 2015
    A relatively short brief that outlines WWF’s experiences in working with the Alliance for Water Stewardship standard. #WaterRisk, #WaterStewardship, #AllianceForWaterStewardship.

  • Measuring the Benefits: Replenishment and Corporate Water Stewardship. WWF 2015
    For many years, WWF has woven replenishment activities into our freshwater conservation work. This publication highlights the value of replenishment efforts in the context of broader stewardship strategies and key lessons for corporations to consider. #Replenishment, #WaterStewardship.

  • Managing Water Risks: A guide for the Swedish private sector. WWF SE 2015
    With this guide WWF aims to provide guidance for the Swedish private sector on how to become aware and respond to its water risks, within the operations and beyond the fence lines. #WaterRisk, #WaterStewardship, #CollectiveAction.

  • No Water - No Business: Water Risks in the Swedish private sector. WWF SE 2015
    WWF aims to provide recommendations for the Swedish private sector on how to identify and respond to water risks. #WaterRisk, #WaterStewardship, #CollectiveAction.

  • Situational analysis of water resources of Lahore: establishing a case for water stewardship. WWF/CPI/Swith Asia 2014
    An overview of the “City-wide Partnership for Sustainable Water Use and Water Stewardship in SMEs in Lahore, Pakistan” project which aimed to contribute towards improving environmental sustainability and livelihoods, while also supporting sustainable economic growth and development in Pakistan. #WaterRisk, #WaterStewardship, #SMEs, #Pakistan.

  • The imported risk: Germany’s water risks in times of globalization. WWF 2014
    German, through its import of goods, is exposed to the water risk of various water stressed countries. This report explores how water risk is, along with commodities, imported by many countries, and what needs to be done to help mitigate these risks. #WaterRisk, #WaterStewardship, #WaterInTheEconomy, #Germany, #WaterFootprinting.

  • Water Stewardship experiences in the Western Cape. WWF 2014
    South Africa’s Western Cape has been on the forefront of efforts to implement water stewardship due to its acute water scarcity challenges. Built on experience in the field, this guide explores experiences with agricultural producers in the Western Cape. #WaterRisk, #WaterStewardship, #SouthAfrica, #Agriculture.

  • Water Stewardship (Brief): perspectives on business risks and responses to water challenges. WWF 2013
    WWF’s initial water stewardship brief provides an overview of the concept, where it is headed and how WWF is taking action. #WaterRisk, #WaterStewardship.

  • Water Stewardship for Industries: the need for a paradigm shift in India. WWF/Accenture 2013
    The application of water stewardship in industry is something that is of particular challenge in water stressed parts of the world, like India. This report provides an overview of the water challenges facing Indian industries, and how water stewardship can help. #WaterRisk, #WaterStewardship, #India, #Energy, #Apparel, #PulpAndPaper, #Agriculture, #FoodBeverages, #Steel.

  • South African Breweries: Water Stewardship in the Hops Insdustry. SAB/WWF/GIZ 2012
    A shared water risk assessment by the Water Futures Partnership. A strategic alliance between Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, SABMiller, the world’s second largest beer producer, and WWF, a world leading conservation organisation, which aimed to assess and reduce shared water risks to strengthen water stewardship and governance in specific watersheds in four focus countries: South Africa, Tanzania, Ukraine and Peru. #WaterStewardship #Breweries #South Africa #Tanzania #Ukraine #Peru

  • Shared risk and opportunity in water resources: seeking a sustainable future for Lake Naivasha. WWF/Pegasys 2012
    The original “Water in the Economy” study, this work explores the concept of how shared water challenges, economics, water stewardship and the need for better water governance come together using Lake Naivasha in Kenya as a case study. #WaterRisk, #WaterStewardship, #WaterInTheEconomy, #Kenya.

  • Chief Liquidity Series: Extractives sector. WWF/Pegasys/UNEP FI 2012
    Co-developed between WWF & UNEP FI, the report targets extractive companies and their financial institutions in an effort to understand how changing availability and quality of water can impact extractives, how these companies can mitigate these risks, and how financial institutions can assess, value and integrate such considerations in due diligence procedures, risk management, loan agreements and the selection and weighing of stocks. #WaterRisk, #WaterStewardship, #Finance, #Extractives, #Australia, #Brazil, #Canada, #China, #SouthAfrica..

  • The Swiss Water Footprint Report: a global picture of Swiss water dependence. WWF/SDC 2012
    Water footprinting is a concept that underpins much of the thinking that informs water stewardship. This report, which focuses on Switzerland’s water footprint, illustrates how economies are highly dependent upon other basins around the world and accordingly, need to consider water risks. #WaterRisk, #WaterStewardship, #Switzerland, #WaterFootprinting, #WaterInTheEconomy.

  • Assessing Water Risk: A Practical Approach for Financial Institutions . WWF/DEG 2011
    Development of first methodology to structure and quantify water related risks for financial institutions, based on standard practice risk modelling and best available scientific data sources. This study outlines the origins of the online Water Risk Filter. #WaterRiskFilter, #Finance, #WaterRisk, #WaterStewardship.

  • Global Water Scarcity: risks and challenges for business. WWF/Lloyd’s 2010
    This report provides a high level overview of why water risk issues matter to the business and finance community and the emergence of tools to help to mitigate such risks. #WaterRisk, #WaterStewardship, #Finance.

  • Good water stewardship: guidance for agricultural suppliers. WWF/M&S 2010
    Good water stewardship: guidance for agricultural suppliers. #WaterRisk, #WaterStewardship, #Agriculture, #Retail

  • Water Footprinting: identifying and addressing water risks in the value chain. WWF/SAB Miller 2009
    This report, which sought to quantify water risk exposure in SAB Miller through a supply chain water footprint assessment, covers how the concept of water footprinting can be used to help evaluate supply chain water risks. #WaterRisk, #WaterStewardship, #WaterFootprinting, #Africa.

  • Investigating shared risk in water: corporate engagement with the public policy process. WWF 2009
    Corporate risk related to water is likely to become more significant into the 21st century, due to increasing water stress internationally, investor perceptions and public awareness. #WaterRisk, #WaterStewardship, #PublicPolicy

  • 21st Century Water: views from the finance sector on water risk & opportunity. WWF 2009
    Water stewardship is a concept central to both retailers and their supply chains. This report outlines key guidance concepts aimed at agricultural suppliers (i.e., farmers), built on learnings in the field. #WaterRisk, #WaterStewardship, #Finance.

  • Understanding water risks: a primer on the consequences of water scarcity for governments and businesses. WWF/HSBC 2009
    Water scarcity risks are subjective and vary through time and space – accordingly, there can be no single response to risk management. However, there are four key principles that apply to all interests and should be used to shape effective management and mitigation of water risks. #WaterRisk, #WaterStewardship.

  • UK Water Footprint: the impact of the UK’s food and fiber consumption on global water resources – Volume one. WWF 2008
    Water footprinting is a key element to understand in linking together water risk, agricultural water use, virtual water trade, and how water can impact risks to a company and a business. This report, focused on the UK, outlines how water footprinting can be used to better understand these links #WaterRisk, #WaterFootprint.